Type 1 Skin

Type 2 Skin

Type 3 Skin

Type 4 Skin

Type 5 Skin

Type 6 Skin

Fitzpatrick Skin Type 

The Fitzpatrick scale is a numerical classification for human skin color. Developed in 1975 by Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, a Harvard dermatologist, as the way to estimate the response of different types of skin to ultraviolet (UV) light. It remains a recognized tool for dermatological research into human skin pigmentation. Your Skin type is also used to determine your candidacy for lasers, chemical peels, and skincare ingredients.

The spectrum of the Fitzpatrick Scale encompasses all skin colors/types, and ranges from very fair —skin type 1(I) to very dark —skin type 6 (VI).

Click here for your skin type

Main factors that influence skin type

The three main factors that influence skin type are:

Genetic disposition: Your skin type is determined by your genetics and is one of the many aspects of your overall appearance, it can dictate your eye color, hair color/type, the depth of your capillaries, the thickness of your skin, and your body’s ability to produce melanin.

Reaction to sun exposure and lasers: The way your skin reacts to sun exposure is another important factor in correctly assessing your skin type, as well as the safe start settings for laser treatments.

Tanning habits: How often do you tan? How easily do you tan? Do you still go in the sun and tan?

Which is the appropriate type of Laser or Chemical Peel for you skin type based on your Fitzpatrick skin score? 

The best candidates for deep lasers and chemical peels (Contour TRL, CO2, and medium- or deep-depth peels like Phenol and TCA) are the lighter skin types I, II, and III, which have a lesser chance of complications such as hyperpigmentation (dark spots), hypopigmentation (light spots), and scarring. Ablative lasers and chemical peel solutions that create a significant amount of surface ablation, or that are designed to achieve medium-depths should be reserved for these lower Fitzpatrick types.

Although types IV, V and VI are not ideal for lasers and peels, lower strength lasers whose energy is absorbed deeper (Erbium, Nd-Yag, Halo) and superficial peeling agents such as salicylic acid, glycolic, and enzymatic peels in lower strengths are designed for darker skin types with great results. Aggressive peel solutions are more appropriate for higher Fitzpatrick types, but require pre-treatment of the skin for 2-8 weeks depending on the individual.

Type 1 Skin

Skin type features:
• Red or blond hair • Blue or green eyes • Very light skin

Skin always burns and never tans in the sun. Seek the shade whenever out in the sun. Is extremely susceptible to damage as well as cancers like basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Skin is also at very high risk for melanoma, the deadliest type of skin cancer. Check skin head-to-toe each month, paying careful attention to any suspicious growths. Have an annual professional skin checkup.

Recommendations:

• Use a sunscreen with a SPF of 50+ and clothing with a UPF rating of 50 or higher.
• Hydrafacial
• Chemical peels - Superficial chemical peels, medium depth chemical peels, deep chemical peels
• Micro Laser Peel
• Photo facial, BBL
• Blue Acne Light 420
• Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
• Micropen
• Halo
• Deka DOT Fractionated CO2 and Contour TRL Fractionated Erbium Laser


SCHEDULE SKIN CONSULTATION

Type 2 Skin

Skin type features:
• Blonde, light to medium brown hair • Light to medium eyes • Light skin

Skin almost always burns and rarely tans in the sun.Seek the shade whenever out in the sun. Highly susceptible to skin damage as well as cancers like basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. High risk for melanoma, the deadliest type of skin cancer. Check your skin head-to-toe each month, paying careful attention to any suspicious growths. Have an annual professional skin checkup.

Recommendations:

• Use a sunscreen with a SPF of 50+ and clothing with a UPF rating of 30 or higher.
• Hydrafacial
• Chemical peels - Superficial chemical peels, medium depth chemical peels, deep chemical peels
• Micro Laser Peel
• Photo facial, BBL
• Blue Acne Light 420
• Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
• Micropen
• Halo
• Deka DOT Fractionated CO2 and Contour TRL Fractionated Erbium Laser


SCHEDULE SKIN CONSULTATION

Type 3 Skin

Skin type features:
• Medium brown hair • Medium to dark eyes • Medium to olive skin

Skin sometimes burns and sometimes tans in the sun. Seek the shade whenever out in the sun especially between the hours of 10 AM and 4 PM. Susceptible to skin damage as well as cancers like basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. At risk for melanoma, the deadliest type of skin cancer. Check your skin head-to-toe each month, paying careful attention to any suspicious growths. Have an annual professional skin checkup.

Recommendations

• Apply a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 every day.
• Wear sun-protective clothing like hats and glasses during outdoor activities.
• Hydrafacial
• Chemical peels - Superficial chemical peels, medium depth chemical peels
• Micro Laser Peel
• Photo facial, BBL
• Blue Acne Light 420
• Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
• Micropen
• Halo
• Deka DOT Fractionated CO2 and Contour TRL Fractionated Erbium Laser


SCHEDULE SKIN CONSULTATION

Type 4 Skin

Skin type features:
• Dark brown to black hair • Medium to dark eyes • Dark olive to light brown skin

You tend to tan easily and are less likely to burn. But you are still at risk; use sunscreen with an SPF of 15+ outside. Check your skin head-to-toe each month, paying careful attention to any suspicious growths, and make sure you have an annual professional skin checkup.

Recommendations:

• Use sunscreen with an SPF of 15+ daily
• Hydrafacial
• Chemical peels - Superficial chemical peels, medium depth chemical peels
• Micro Laser Peel
• Photo facial, BBL
• Blue Acne Light 420
• Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
• Micropen
• Halo
• Contour TRL Fractionated Erbium Laser


SCHEDULE SKIN CONSULTATION

Type 5 Skin

Skin type features:
• Dark hair • Dark eyes • Dark skin

Skin tans easily and rarely burns, but is still at risk. Acral lentiginous melanoma, a very virulent form of the disease, is more common among darker-skinned people. These melanomas tend to appear on parts of the body not often exposed to the sun, and often remain undetected until after the cancer has spread. Check your skin head-to-toe each month, paying careful attention to any suspicious growths especially on the palms, soles of the feet and mucous membranes. Have an annual professional skin checkup.

Recommendations

• Use sunscreen with an SPF of 15+ when outside
• Hydrafacial
• Chemical peels - Superficial chemical peels, medium depth chemical peels
• Micro Laser Peel
• Blue Acne Light 420
• Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
• Micropen
• Halo
• Contour TRL Fractionated Erbium Laser


SCHEDULE SKIN CONSULTATION

Type 6 Skin

Skin type features:
• Dark hair • Dark eyes • Very dark skin

Although skin does not burn, dark skin is still at risk for skin cancers. Acral lentiginous melanoma, a very virulent form of the disease, is more common among darker-skinned people. These melanomas tend to appear on parts of the body not often exposed to the sun, and often remain undetected until after the cancer has spread.  Check your skin head-to-toe each month, paying careful attention to any suspicious growths, especially on the palms, soles of the feet and mucous membranes. Have an annual professional skin checkup.

Recommendations:

• Wear sunscreen with a SPF of 15+ when outside
• Hydrafacial
• Chemical peels - Superficial chemical peels, medium depth chemical peels
• Micro Laser Peel
• Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
• Micropen
• Halo
• Contour TRL Fractionated Erbium Laser

SCHEDULE SKIN CONSULTATION